The basic ideas of the railway 13th Five-Year Plan are out of the way.
2015 is the closing year of the national “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” and the year of preparation for the “13th Five-Year Plan”. The 21st Century Business Herald reporter learned from the National Railway Administration that on the basis of extensive consultation with relevant state departments, China Railway Corporation (hereinafter referred to as the Iron General) and experts on the road, the National Railway Administration has recently completed the railway "13th Five-Year Plan." "The basic idea of ??development planning, and reported to the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Transport. Dong Yan, a researcher at the Comprehensive Transportation Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission, said that by the end of 2015, the original high-speed railways planned to be built will basically be completed, how to open up new high-speed railway lines, reserve new railway projects, and accelerate railway freight reform under the new situation. The reform of the transportation organization and the reform of the financing system will be the meaning of the title of the 13th Five-Year Plan. "However, the public and the market are concerned that during the '13th Five-Year Plan' period, railway investment will continue to maintain a high level in recent years. I personally believe that railway investment will decrease during the '13th Five-Year Plan' period, but There will be no cliff-like decline, and investment construction should continue at a slightly lower level than during the high period.” Dong Yan said. Zhao Jian, a professor at the School of Economics and Management of Beijing Jiaotong University, also believes that based on the reality that China's economy is in a new normal state, the growth rate of GDP will gradually decrease in the future. In order to get the bottom, the government will introduce some stimulus policies from time to time, including housing, water conservancy, transportation, and environmental protection. And the people's livelihood, etc., and the railway as the most basic infrastructure, will certainly be given priority. In addition, in the next few years, the urbanization construction will be accelerated for several years, and the railway will be developed as the main transportation connecting urban and rural areas and neighboring cities. After the national high-speed rail network is basically completed, the next task is to build the capillary. The vascular network, also known as the intercity railway, will be one of the future construction priorities. The submission of the State Railway Administration to the Ministry of Transport and the National Development and Reform Commission is only the basic idea of ??the “13th Five-Year Plan” of the railway. After the most basic ideas have been approved, the subsequent planning will be carried out. According to the State Railway Administration, the “13th Five-Year Plan” of railway development will be based on the principle of guiding problems, highlighting industry characteristics, highlighting reform and innovation, and highlighting comprehensive transportation. The basic idea is to develop the foundation, the situation requirements, the overall thinking, and the key tasks. And the formation of safeguards measures in five aspects. On the one hand, the National Railway Administration will continue to organize 18 research projects on railway financing capacity and road network planning for the “13th Five-Year Plan” on the one hand, and carefully sort out the scale and projects of the “13th Five-Year” railway network and compile the railway. The draft of the 13th Five-Year Plan for Development and the integration with the comprehensive transportation system planning will promptly start the research and development of the medium and long-term railway network planning. The above-mentioned people close to the iron said that the railway project should be worthy of the past two years. Since the beginning of October 2014, the National Development and Reform Commission has approved the railway project with a total investment of more than 1 trillion yuan. In 2015, another batch has been reported to the National Development and Reform Commission. The railway project will continue to receive approval. Wang Mengshu, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and deputy chief engineer of the China Railway Tunnel, said that the focus of the total iron investment in the future will shift from the eastern region to the central and western regions, from the inland to the frontier, and from the main trunk to the medium and short-distance intercity railway. "In addition, we must not forget the main line of China's railways going out. The future railway may be a two-line operation. On the one hand, domestic projects must be done. On the other hand, foreign projects will be more and more, now China Railway, China Railway After the merger of the construction and the North-South car, these enterprises have gradually turned their attention to foreign countries. In the future, the proportion of foreign investment in the railway may increase, and Wang Mengshu said.